20th Century British Art

Albert de Belleroche (1864-1944)   BIOGRAPHY

 PRIVATE COLLECTION


The Artist's Studio, La Vielle Chapelle, La Boissiere, Chateauden, circa 1909
Unframed (ref: 5403)

Oil on canvas,
30 x 24 in. (76.2 x 61 cm.)

 

Provenance: from the collection of Count William de Belleroche, the artist's son; thence by descent.

La Boissiere was an inn near Chateaudun where Belleroche stayed when he painted in the countryside.  Here he rented La Vielle Chapelle which  was spacious  enough to house the huge press, (Imprimerie Le Mercier), from which he  hand printed his lithographs.  This painting provides a rare  record in colour of his studio as it appeared circa 1910, the walls  decorated with paintings by Belleroche and his friends - clearly  identifiable is the Lautrec poster of La Revue Blanche (top left). 


Belleroche and Lautrec, exact contemporaries, first became acquainted with each other in the early 1880's when they both frequented the Cafe de la Rochefoucauld.  They soon formed a friendship, painting each others portraits in 1882, and for the following decades shared the same model and mistress Lily Grenier.

La Boissiere was often the setting and subject of Belleroche's lithographs -  his lithograph of 1909 entitled Atelier, La Boissiere, shows the same veiled figure, seated slightly to the left of the viewpoint seen in this oil.

The model, in full mourning dress, is likely to be Julie Emilie Visseaux, the daughter of Belleroche's sculptor friend Jules Edouard Visseaux, whom he married in 1910.




Albert de Belleroche (1864-1944)

Although born in Wales, he was the son of the Marquis de Belleroche, of one of the most ancient French noble families who, being Huguenots, had fled to England in 1685. In 1871, following the death of his father, he moved back to Paris with his family. After he had finished school there, he studied at the studio of Carolus Duran, and spent long hours copying at the Paris museums. He soon became familiar with the leading painters and intellectuals of the day, and became a founder member of the Salon d'Automne, exhibiting alongside the Impressionists and associating with Emile Zola, Oscar Wilde, Albert Moore, Renoir, Degas, Helleu and Toulouse-Lautrec. Toulouse-Lautrec and Belleroche were exact contemporaries, who first met at the age of eighteen. Belleroche painted Toulouse-Lautrec's portrait and shared with him a passion for the model Lili, who epitomised the Belle Epoch aesthetic of Toulouse-Lautrec's most celebrated posters. Lili became Belleroche's favourite model and mistress. In 1882 Belleroche also met the already acclaimed American painter John Singer Sargent, who recognised Belleroche's talent and empathised with his free drawing style and sensitivity to light. They became life-long friends. Sargent's handling of pastel was a great inspiration to Belleroche, while Belleroche's sensitivity to tone and creation of form through the modeling of light exerted a strong influence on Sargent. In 1900, Belleroche became fascinated by the medium of lithography and by 1905 he was a leading figure in the field of lithographic portraiture. A.M. Hind, a former keeper of prints at the British Museum, described his works in lithography as "amongst the greatest achievements of the craft since its discovery."

He held commercial exhibitions at the Goupil Gallery (1903), Graves, London (1906), Colnaghi's (1941) and Walker Gallery, London (1942). As however he had no need to live from his art, he rarely took on commissioned portraits, instead choosing models and sitters who interested him. This in part - though not entirely - explains why he is so little known. A room in the Musée D'Orange is dedicated to Belleroche. He was the subject of numerous publications during his lifetime, and in 2001 the San Diego Museum of Art organised an exhibition and produced a catalogue entitled The Rival of Painting: the Lithographs of Albert Belleroche.

See all works by Albert de Belleroche